The Single European Regulatory Space
Rationale: Politics – in capital P - is the art of institutional design and of the molding of political spaces. The European Union is now where spaces are now being mold and remold to create the most ambitious transnational organization in the world. It is the European Union which shapes, and will continue to shape, the future directions of regulation and regulatory reforms well beyond Europe. The emerging regulatory space that is under study here is part of the administrative, constitutional, electoral, cultural and parliamentary spaces that are emerging in tandem – both shaping and being shaped – by the regulatory space. This project focuses on the interaction between regulatory networks and regulatory agencies in shaping the European regulatory space.
Aims: The European regulatory space has been expanding rapidly since the 1990s, and the idea of the single market is increasingly assessed against the idea and emergence of a Single European Regulatory Space (SERS). The single European market and the single European regulatory space are a moving target. Both markets and regulatory regimes in Europe are split and divided across nations and regions; but the double movement toward a single market and a single European regulatory space is evident almost everywhere. In order to shed some light on the characteristics and the driving forces of regulatory governance in the EU, this research project raise the following four questions:
First, what are the characteristics of the EU's regulatory space and in particular the characteristics of European regulatory Agencies and Networks ?
Second, how do the characteristic of Agencies and Networks evolve and change in time ?
Third, what are the reasonable outcomes that can be expected from the expansion of the European Regulatory State?
Fourth, what actors and forces have been encouraging or inhibiting the rise of particular forms - mainly agencies and networks - of the European Regulatory Space ?
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EU Agencies Data:
Data on EU Agencies in Excel Format (For Peer Review and Comments; Updated November 11th,2010)
A video on the growth of the EU Agencies (Download, or double click; Horizontal Format; All Agencies; Based on data set from October 30th, 2010)
European Networks Data:
Note on the Regimes that were covered:
This section presents a survey of regulatory networks and agencies across 36 regulatory regimes. The starting point of the survey is a data set of Jordana, Levi-Faur and Fernandez (2011) on national regulatory authorities, which identifies 16 regulatory regimes for data collection: central banking, competition, electricity, environment, financial services, food safety, gas, health services, insurance, pensions, pharmaceuticals, postal services, security and exchange, telecommunications, water and work safety. Twenty more regimes were surveyed for the purpose of the paper bring the total number to 36: shipping, railways, aviation, gender, privacy, human rights, policing, drugs, justice, chemicals control, fisheries, fraud, administrative integrity, working conditions, broadcasting, network communications, intellectual property rights and trademarks, product safety and consumer protection.
Source: A paper from the Workshop on ‘Agency Governance in the EU and its Consequences’ (RECON/MZES), University of Mannheim, Mannheim Centre for European Social Research (MZES), 16–17 September 2010;. The paper was revised and is now available as paper no. 30 in the working paper series: [David Levi-Faur, Regulatory Networks & Regulatory Agencification: Towards a Single European Regulatory Space?. JPRG Paper No. 30, December 2010. Jerusalem Papers in Regulation & Governance. A short, revised and updated version of the paper was published in a special issue of the Journal of European Public Policy, Vol. 18(6), Fall, 2011, pp. 810-829.